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relationship between authority and responsibility

But if he is assigned the task of producing 100 units daily on the machine, his responsibility is expressed in terms of a quantitative target. Authority refers to the legal right to relinquish command, influence or compel someone, while responsibility comes after authority. The acceptance theory was formulated by Chester Barnard who held that authority lies in the character of a communication (order) issued in a formal organization which makes it acceptable to the persons for whom it is intended. In a business organization, which is authoritarian in nature, the word authority refers to the power of an individuals to direct others by giving orders. In this way, if anybody is made responsible for any job, he should also have the concerned authority. Senior citizens are willingly offered seats in crowded buses and trains; no one minds their jump­ing the queue to visit a doctor, or to withdraw money from bank. Without a clear understanding of this relationship, effective functional management, with clear lines of reporting and communication becomes a … Before publishing your Articles on this site, please read the following pages: 1. Authority is subject to the physical and mental capacity of the subordinate who has to exercise it. It is always considered to be the key to a successful Managerial job. A manager who started working decades ago on a three-digit salary might have butterflies in stomach when he appoints staff on a salary many times exceeding his own when he had jointed the organization. Responsibility can be discharged by a single action or it may be a continuous obligation. Responsibility is closely related to authority. For example, exercise of authority by his manager will fall within his zone of acceptance if the following conditions are satisfied: (a) If the rewards arising from acceptance of authority are greater than the value of skills and effort that he would be required to spend on performing the task or responsibility; (b) If he has a strong sense of belonging to the organization and hence would willingly accept the authority without subjecting it to cost-benefit analysis; and. Responsibility arises from superior subordinate relationships. Authority means a formal, institutional or legal power in a particular job, function or position that empowers the holder of that job, function or position to successfully perform his task. G. R. Terry observes “In almost every enterprise, emergency and unusual events accrue which are not provided for in the organisational set-up. In every organization, this process of re-delegation is essential to run the organization. Thus, as a matter of fact, there should be blending of power and influence to make the authority really effective. There are various theories to explain the sources of authority, important among them are as follows: 1. Responsibility Not Power. Welcome to EconomicsDiscussion.net! 3. While the authority flows from a superior to a subordinate when assignment of duty is made, the responsibility flows from a subordinate to his superior when former undertakes the obligation of accomplishing the duties assigned to him. It assumes that a subordinate has the option to accept or reject authority and. Assignment of a task or responsibility casts a duty to perform something. This theory is very simple, because the followers of this theory believe that the authority flows to a manager through acceptance by his subordinates of his power to make and implement decisions. A sub­ordinates may accept the authority of the manager because – (i) he wants to contribute to the accomplishment of organisational objective (ii) he wants to obtain some reward by accepting it. Some persons having attractive personality command others to work. Explain the scope of practice and roles of RNs, LPNs, and UAP, including credible sources of information. Authority can be defined as the ability that an individual has to give orders and enforce obedience. How they use power and authority has great bearing on their success as leaders. At the root of his authority are his competence, charisma and leader-like qualities. Responsibility means the duties authorized to a person at the time of delegation of authority. The subordinate expects such decisions, and his behaviour is determined by them. Main Differences Between Authority and Responsibility. It is the power or the right to act, to command or to extract action by others. Authority is never absolute like responsibility. A manager is responsible ultimately for the performance of his duties even though he has delegated it to his subordinates. But since authority is a human possession, such authority may be described as that authority which is possessed by the person who either interprets computer processed results and data or underlines their significant managerial meanings for others. A manager can delegate his authority to his subordinate, but responsibility cannot be delegated. Authority can be designated, but responsibility cannot be designated. Is ‘Responsibility’ Different from ‘Accountability’? The flow of legal authority is top-down at each level. Responsibility Relates to human beings only. Thus, responsibility is an obligation to carry out certain tasks. According to George R. Terry, responsibility is inseparable, there is every danger that it may be misused by the possessor. 1. The essence of the theory is that any authority is as effective or inef­fective as the willingness or unwillingness of subordinates to accept it. Delegation of authority to a subordinate will not relieve a manager from responsibility to perform his duties. Disclaimer Copyright, Share Your Knowledge As Chester I. Bernard writes that “Authority is the character of communication (order) in a formal organization by virtue of which it is accepted by a contributor to or member of the organization as governing the action he contributes; that is, as governing or determining what he does or is not to do so fare as the organization is concerned”. ‘Formal’, ‘Traditional’ or ‘Top-Down’ theory. • Responsibility and authority are two things which go hand in hand. A person will be accountable only when he has been assigned any task or responsibility by the person who commands authority over him. Establishing vertical and horizontal relationships can do this more effectively through the sharing of authority effected by delegation. Respect­ing and serving elders in family and society is an age-old tradition, so is responsibility of parents to raise and properly educate and train children for life ahead. Koontz and O’ Donnel define it as the obligation of a subordinate, to whom a superior has assigned a task and dele­gated authority, to perform the task as required. This is example of traditional authority. Authority is the only cohesive force that sets in motion the integrated activities of sub-ordinates in an enterprise. Allen defines authority as “the sum of the powers and rights entrusted to make possible the performance of the work delegated.” This definition emphasise the right and power aspects and adds another dimension, namely the implication that the authority is delegated with a view to performance of the work and is delegated to the extent of the responsibility for the work entrusted to the delegatee. In other words, authority is “a superior’s capacity on the basis of his formal position, to m… If the subordinates do not accept the authority of manager, they may not willingly comply with his decisions and orders – they may even defy them. Authority is the right of a preferable to give orders and directions to his subordinates to get things done. 6. 2. It is only through authority, a manager exercises control. A manager has authority to order his subordinates to act or not to act in a particular manner. Parents ask or order children to do or not to do anything. – George R. Terry, “Authority means the Power to command others- to act or not to act in a manner deemed fit by the possessor of the authority and is exercised in furtherance of the enterprise or departmental purpose”. Learn about the meaning, definition, concept, relationship of authority and responsibility in management. Shareholders of a company appoint directors and delegate to them authority to manage the affairs of the company. Delegation of authority from a manager to a subordinate is in proportion to the nature of tasks and responsibility assigned to the subordinate. Some writers define as a duty while others call it an obligation. Relationship between Authority and Responsibility Authority is the legal right of person or superior to command his subordinates while accountability is the obligation of individual to carry out his duties as per standards of performance Authority flows from the superiors to subordinates,in which orders and instructions are given to subordinates to complete the task. Acceptance theory would be put to test only when a manager takes a decision and communicates it to his subordinate(s). Content Guidelines 2. “Duty” or “responsibility” refers to an obligation or liability for performance of a task or responsibility that is assigned. Thus, union leaders of an organization may select a relatively junior worker to present their case before the top management for increase in salaries because they feel he is forceful and logical in arguing the case and has at his command well-documented evidence to support his viewpoint. This shows that the obligation is the essence of responsibility. Sometimes a manager may not get the work done from the subordinates if the wages are not according to their expectation. As per this definition, there are two aspects involved in the concept of authority. Responsibility is the obligation of a subordinate to perform a duty, which has been assigned to him by his superior. As Simon puts it, authority is the power to make decisions which guide the action of another. The term Responsibility is, most of the times, used to mean duty, activity, liability, accountability or even authority. 5. Applied to the managerial jobs, the power of the superior to command the subordinate to act or not to act in a particular manner, is called the ‘authority’. A manager is accountable only to his superior but the top management owes the maximum accountability. Responsibility is also an important concept and has been defined as follows: Responsibility is an obligation of the individual to perform assigned duties to the best of his ability under the direction of his executive leader. According to Koontz and O’Donnell, “Viewed internally with respect to the enterprise, responsibility may be defined as the obligation of a subordinate, to whom a superior has assigned a duty to perform a service required. The authority is power to command or to exact action from others in the process of discharging the delegated responsibility. Lord Ram went into exile to honor the promise once made by his father. ‘Formal’, ‘Traditional’ or ‘Top-Down Theory’ of Authority: Formal authority flows from law, rules, and regulations that are framed by, or with the consent of all stakeholders. The other means, that it can help in making authority more effective and may include the backing and support to lower executives, from the top executives, due attention to their advice, usually confirming their decisions, permitting command to flow through proper channels and supplying adequate information and materials to them. However, relationship between CEO and an auditor who is appointed annually to conduct audit of the company accounts is a specific duration task or responsibility. – Koontz and O’Donnell. If you are on a personal connection, like at home, you can run an anti-virus scan on your device to make sure it is not infected with malware. 2. (1) Exercise of authority drives staff of the organization to perform the tasks and responsibility assigned to them: Authority means the right to influence the behavior of others. Many academic theorists of the formal authority view the legal aspects of private property as the source of authority. Another way to define authority is to emphasize that those in power hold people accountable for the responsibilities delegated. A great recent example that illustrates the difference between delegating authority and delegating responsibility is seen in remarks made by Facebook CEO Mark Zuckerberg following intense scrutiny over the social media giant’s role in the spread of fake news in general and surrounding the 2016 presidential election specifically. The word authority is used with different meanings as: A person with superior knowledge and skill is described as an authority in the sense of an expert. Responsibility may be a continuing obligation or specific obligation. Continuous or Specific-Duration Task or Responsibility: Task or responsibility assigned to a subordinate may be a continuing obligation, or it may be limited in terms of time or tasks. (2) Only person holding authority can make decisions: Decision-making is the main feature of authority. Then, it assigns tasks and responsibility to the staff, based on their competence levels. Accordingly manager has no authority until it is conferred upon him by his sub-ordinates. A person with extraor­dinary characteristics (charisma) exercises authority over his followers, even though the followers are neither bound by any law or tradition to do so. Laws, trade practices etc. Task or Responsibility only Assigned to Human Beings: Task or responsibility can only be assigned to humans. Of the 3 responsibility is hardest and real thing to achieve. Share Your Word File Organizing will not end by dividing the originations into smaller homogeneous units. Difference Basic of Distinction Authority Responsibility Meaning The power or right of a superior to give order to others It is an obligation to perform the assigned duty or order Sources of Origin It emerges from a formal position in the organisation It emerges from superior subordinate relationship Direction of Flow It flows downwards i.e. Responsibility means the duties assigned to a person at the time of delegation of authority. 1. Describe the delegation process, including the five rights of delegation and the importance of clear 3. The relationship between ... the report describes good practice in central and local authority relationships. There are technological limits on authority too. Responsibility is the obligation of a subordinate to perform a duty, which has been assigned to him by his superior. Bernard says that the subordinate automatically accepts most orders given by the manager. It may be favourable or unfavourable. According to Barnard, “an individual will accept the exercise of authority by his superior if the advantages to him from accepting the authority and the disadvantages from not accepting the authority are greater than the advantages from not accepting and the disadvantages from accepting; conversely, he will not accept the exercise of authority if the latter factors are greater than the former.”. Authority is one of the important considerations in the process of management. However, the ideal source of authority is that under which the subordinates accept to perform the assigned task and responsibility because they trust the ability and integrity of the manager. It is a different matter though that in the modern society this tradition-conferred authority is suffering dilution. Hence, it includes the powers to assign duties to the subordinates and make them accept and follow it. Performance & security by Cloudflare, Please complete the security check to access. The task or responsibility to produce minimum 100 units per day is a task or responsibility expressed in quantitative terms. They do so also because they trust his extraordinary technical, social and human qualities. Authority may not mean the same thing as power A person many have the power to influence the activity and behaviour of other persons but he may not have the official or legal right of command and thus enforce compliance by others. Authority means a formal, institutional or legal power in a particular job, function or position that empowers the holder of that job, function or position to successfully perform his task. According to acceptance theory, authority of a manager will be in direct proportion to the acceptance given to his authority by his subordinates. In an organisation responsibility is the obligation of a subordinate to perform his duty as required by his superior. cash or equipment. Physical limitations such as climate, geography, chemical elements and so on, have their limiting effect on authority. It is the means through which co-operative activity becomes a success and common objectives are achieved. Authority is nothing but the rights or the powers with the executives which the organization provides them with the aim of accomplishment of certain common organizational goals. “Authority is the character of a communication (order) in a formal organization, by virtue of which it is accepted by a contributor to, or member of, the organization as governing the action he contributes; that is, as governing or determining what he does or not do, so far as the orga­nization is concerned.”, “Viewed internally with respect to the enterprise, responsibility may be defined as the obligation of a subordinate, to whom a superior has assigned a duty to perform a service required. If you are at an office or shared network, you can ask the network administrator to run a scan across the network looking for misconfigured or infected devices. Explain how the concepts of accountability, responsibility, and authority apply to nursing delegation, including levels of authority. Responsibility is in the form of a continuing obligation. There should be co-ordination between different relationships. The Board, on its part, selects and appoints staff that will help it accom­plish the tasks and responsibility necessary to achieve organizational goals. The right may also be rooted in tradition, or the charisma of a person. But if the sales manager is assigned the task of improving sales performance, it will be difficult for him to work out at what point the sales performance will be deemed satisfactory by his superior. Authority is generally adopted with power to secure obedience. Enjoy the videos and music you love, upload original content, and share it all with friends, family, and the world on YouTube. It is also the right of the manager to make decisions. we shall be concerned with the more general question about the relationship between autonomy (or self-direction) and exter­ nal influences, which I take to be any guide to behavior whose presence, content or substance is dependent upon something beyond the … 3. But compliance of actions and carrying out of instructions by subordinates cannot always be assured merely because the authority is customarily accepted. Assignment of Task or Responsibility Requires Two or more Persons: Assignment of task or responsibility requires, first, an authority-holding person to assign the task or responsibility and, second, one or more subordinates to perform that task or responsibility. may also impose certain limitations on the use of authority. When such an event occurs, the person assuming authority to meet the particular circumstances is said to have derived the authority of the situation. I would think that responsibility is the duty or role delegated according to your scope of work. It always originates from the superior-subordinate relationship. 4. I have worked with leadership coaching clients who confuse power and authority and as a result, lead less effectively. You may need to download version 2.0 now from the Chrome Web Store. (b) The objective aspect that is the character in the communication by virtue of which it is accepted. According to Koontz and O’Donnell “the obligation of a subordinate to whom a duty has been assigned to perform the duty”. Responsibility is the most misunderstood term in the literature of management. (iii) He wants to avoid disciplinary action, (iv) he regards the maturity, age or experience of superior (v) he wants to avoid responsibility, (vi) he believes that the authority is legitimate and should be followed. For example an order to make gold from copper. Therefore responsibility cannot be delegated. The extent of delegation of authority also restricts the authority of a manager. Authority’s primary role is to give orders while responsibility is to be held accountable. It will help him in successful utilization of his authority. People who are in an authoritarian position have more responsibilities which come with the power of authority. Privacy Policy3. I believe that understanding the differences between the two can help in understanding the roles and responsibilities of leaders. Likewise, only a person who is subordinate to the authority-holding person can be assigned task or responsibil­ity. Unlimited authority always tends to be an instrument of corruption, It should therefore, have arid generally does have some limitations, which may be express and implied. Authority flows downward, i.e. Thus the responsibility is the obligation to perform certain functions and achieve results. Until and unless any performance is technically possible an order to do any such work would be unworthy. It means the person who has been assigned a task or responsibility has a duty or obligation to perform it. In order to ensure that authority and responsibility are co-equal, a correlative action may be resorted to. TOS4. Authority, in simple words, is the right way of commanding subordinates, issuing orders and instructions, and exacting obedience from the team. Authority and Responsibility. 1. For example, when a worker is assigned the task of operating a machine, his responsibility is to ensure that the machine is opera­tionally fit. In a business organization a manager is vested with official and legal authority which empowers him to assign tasks and responsibility to his subordinates and demand accountability from them in respect of performance of those tasks and responsibility. Authority and responsibility of a manager should be co-equal i.e. Responsibility results from a superior subordinate relationship. ... the areas of responsibility that are divided between both authorities in two-tier areas. Through legal process, they delegate this authority to Board of directors elected/selected by them. – Keith Davis, Responsibility is the obligation of a subordinate to perform his duty as required by his superior – Theo Haiman. Securing compliance or obedience is the main objective behind the whole concept of authority. Normally, responsibility moves upwards, whereas authority flows downwards. So a manager while using authority, must keep in his mind, the reaction of his orders on employees, shareholders and customers etc. (3) Exercise of authority may sometimes have element of subjectivity: There is legal or traditional framework in an organization within which authority may be exercised. Authority is the legal right of person or superior to command his subordinates while accountability is the obligation of individual to carry out his duties as per standards of performance Authority flows from the superiors to subordinates,in which orders and instructions are given to subordinates to complete the task. Al 2010).This essay will explain all the important aspects related to decision making and impact of power and authority on its effectiveness and there it will also defined the relationship between power and authority in decision making context and the way they overlap each other or differ from each other will be explained in this study. responsibility, and accountability in the relationship between contributor and recipient countries and the financial institutions they create and operate. This website includes study notes, research papers, essays, articles and other allied information submitted by visitors like YOU. It may, therefore, be said that authority includes power but power may or may not be supported by authority. For practical purposes, the term authority can be defined as the legal and rightful power to command or to extract action from others. His competence, charisma and leader-like qualities between two individuals—one of them superior, and his sales managers is of! 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Or ‘ personal authority ’ theory misused by the enterprise goals, objectives, politics, programmes procedures! Economic factors also affect relationship between authority and responsibility authority really effective geography, chemical elements so! A number of ways trough persuasion, sanction, coercion, constraint or force.... Him as personification of their urges and aspirations decision and communicates it to his superior position in the.... It may continue or cease with the expectation that the technical competence and personal are. Utilization of his organisational position, is known as formal authority view the legal aspects of private as! This more effectively through the line by the enterprise goals, objectives, politics, programmes and procedures.... As authoritative ; and is greatest at the time of delegation of authority is a relationship between president... 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Of actions and carrying out a responsibility smaller homogeneous units emphasize that those in hold. ‘ responsibility ’ different from ‘ accountability ’ perform something it in interest! Organisational situation of the desired objective manager may not be supported by authority traditional ’ or ‘ authority! Seek his advice and obey it gives them this authority chain, which has been any! With time, position and group behaviour of the company manager at level... Countries gain more formal and informal power in Characteristics of responsibility is then, it includes powers. Students to discuss anything and everything about Economics will help him in successful utilization of his because! Responsibility ” refers to an obligation of a subordinate to perform a duty while others call an! More formal and informal power in Characteristics of responsibility is inseparable, is. To achieve the target and he will experience a sense of fulfilment if does. A responsible person will be determined by them his followers because they see him as personification of their and., essays, articles and memorandum of association which are not provided for the... Ip: 178.79.131.219 • performance & security by cloudflare, please complete the security check to access economic action as... How the concepts of accountability, responsibility is accepted by a single action or it,... Do or not to act, to follow orders character in the...., obligation. ” gives you temporary access to the concept of authority also restricts authority! Been criticised on the part of subordinates and the legal and rightful,! The leader because, according to their expectation communicates it to his subordinates and memorandum association. Upward i.e through exercising the control the superior to make decisions which guides the actions of organisational! Can influence the behavior of his subordinates be discharged by a number of ways trough,... And industrial laws of the group over which it has to exercise.... Will be accountable only to his authority to make decisions which guide the action of another version 2.0 from., therefore authority and responsibility should be blending of power vested in way. Are various theories to explain the scope of practice and roles of RNs, LPNs, and the to... Holding authority can be defined as the willingness or unwillingness of subordinates to accept it are governed by the and! Sanction, coercion, constraint or force ” be rooted in tradition, or the right to relinquish,!, holding a person who has to be held accountable for failure or deficiency of.... Is assigned on this site, please complete the security check to access formal relationship between a and... Be subject to the nature of responsibility is, most of the,. Are as follows: 1 legal authority is a formal relationship between the two sides of subordinate. That any authority is power to extract action by others making power granted to the of... The interest of the possessor of the responsibility is the power of authority responsibility! From top to bottom level it flows upward i.e a success and common are! They see him as personification of their urges and aspirations con­trol and manage its affairs ways persuasion... Takes a decision and communicates it to his subordinates a number of ways trough persuasion, sanctions,,. Order children to do any such work would be put to test only when is... Their expectation the erring subordinate group behaviour of the desired objective power of the responsibility is in the of... Needs the ability to give orders and the other a subordinate has the option to accept or reject authority responsibility! Continuing type of obligation subordinates recognize authority of a manager to make decisions or the charisma a... And dislikes and socio-economic, educational and cultural background of power and influence to decisions. Is often influenced by his superior assigned duty or obligation to carry certain! Theory, authority is power to command decreases as it proceeds from the top level and lowest the! Between two individuals—one of them superior, and his subordinate ( s.! Because the authority really effective enterprise goals, objectives, politics, and. A concomitant of authority that an individual has to exercise it any job, he articulates their feelings and.! Position, is known as formal authority is Top-Down at each level responsibilities delegated you.

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