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The first phase of the Cold War began in the first two years after the end of the Second World War in 1945. Decisive battle in the Korean War. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. STUDY. Oh no! The landing of UN troops in 1950, by General Douglas MacArthur, behind enemy lines at Inchon in Korea. The Soviet Union and its affiliated Communist nations in Eastern Europe founded a rival alliance, the Warsaw Pact, in 1955. In 1969, the House changed the committee's name to "House Committee on Internal Security".When the House abolished the committee in 1975, its functions were transferred to the House Judiciary Committee. A cold war is a struggle over political differences carried on by means short of military action or war. Learn cold war us history with free interactive flashcards. The Cold War was a geopolitical chess match between the United States, the Soviet Union, and both parties’ allies in which the major power players sought to project their respective ideologies across the globe in the wake of colonialism’s collapse following World War Two. American policy of resisting further expansion of communism around the world, President Truman's policy of providing economic and military aid to any country threatened by communism or totalitarian ideology, program designed to rebuild postwar Europe and keep it from becoming communist, Joint effort by the US and Britian to fly food and supplies into W Berlin after the Soviet blocked off all ground routes into the city, law passed in 1944 to help returning veterans buy homes and pay for higher educations, President Truman's economic and social program which added to minimum wage and social security, House on Un-American Activities Committee. Levittown became a symbol of the movement to the suburbs in the years after WWII. Common name for the Cold War strategy of containment versus the Soviet Union and the expansion of communism. The conflict between Communist North Korea and Non-Communist South Korea. An alliance between the Soviet Union and other Eastern European nations. (got blacklisted), Was a U.S. State Department official involved in the establishment of the United Nations. Learn. Gravity. SIG: led to the 1950's containment policy that led to international interventions such as the Berlin Airlift and the Korean War. They died in the electric chair on June 19, 1953. Ethel and Julius were accused of stealing and plotting to convey atomic secrets to Soviet agents. Instead, US and Britain began sending supplies over and into West Berlin. Start studying The Cold War. Choose from 500 different sets of us history cold war flashcards on Quizlet. Flashcards. This brought Nixon to the attention of the American public. To ensure the best experience, please update your browser. Successful effort by the United States and Britain to ship by air 2.3 million tons of supplies to the residents of the Western-controlled sectors of Berlin from June 1948 to May 1949, in response to a Soviet blockade of all land and canal routes to the divided city. In 1949, the prospect of further Communist expansion prompted the United States and 11 other Western nations to form the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO). The Soviet Union and the United States came to the brink of actual war during the Cuban missile crisis but never attacked one another. This meant the Soviet Union had a missile powerful enough to reach the US. While never intended to be permanent, this divide lasted for many years. In addition to spawning fear-induced Red hunts and McCarthyism in the late 1940s and early 1950s, the Cold War also shaped U.S. presidents’ political agendas. The foundations of the Cold War were broader than just the ideological struggle between capitalism and communism. The U.S. blockaded Cuba until the U.S.S.R. agreed to dismantle the missile silos. Containment American policy of resisting further … United States was simply participating in a United Nations "police action." Soviet leaders feared and distrusted the United States, which was the only country with the atomic bomb — and which had used it. The United Nations, led by the United States, helped South Korea. The United States became involved in unpopular military conflicts in Korea and Vietnam in the name of stopping the spread of communism. PLAY. But in fact, the United States made up the overwhelming bulk of the U.N. contingents, and General MacArthur, appointed U.N. commander of the entire operation, took his orders from Washington, not from the Security Council. Named fellow spies, some of them in Roosevelt's cabinet. A number of geopolitical factors that emerged in the wake of the Second World War, pitting Russia against the U.S. World War II ended with the Soviet Union and United States as allies that triumphed over Nazi Germany. A line of latitude separating what is now North and South Korea, decided upon after the war ended in 1945, with the northern Soviet troops surrendering to the Allies, and the Soviets accepting the Japanese and American surrender as well. In 1950, Senator Joseph R. McCarthy began a sensational campaign against communists in government that led to more than four years of charges and countercharges, ending when the Senate censured him in 1954. Oh no! US History Cold War. North Atlantic Treaty Organization; an alliance made to defend one another if they were attacked by any other country; US, England, France, Canada, Western European countries. Start studying The Cold War - US History Chapter 25. This U-2 incident heightened Cold War tensions 17.1 - The Cold War Superpowers face off Flashcards | Quizlet The Cold War Divides the World These conflicts marked the start of the Cold War between the United States and the Soviet Union. The number of languages varies according to the priorities of the United States government and the world situation. About after 10 months USSR gave up and ending the blockade. He was a committee member of the House of Representatives, Committee on Un-American Activities (to investigate "subversion"). Spell. The ideological struggle between communism (Soviet Union) and capitalism (United States) for world influence. Formed in 1938 to investigate Communist activities in the US. a federal program of health insurance for persons 65 years of age and older, a federal and state assistance program that pays for health care services for people who cannot afford them, the rights of people to be treated without unreasonable or unconstitutional differences. In 1947, William Levitt used mass production techniques to build inexpensive homes in surburban New York to help relieve the postwar housing shortage. The alignment of nearly every European nation into one of the two opposing camps formalized the political division of the European continent that had take… A jury found them guilty of espionage, Albert Einstein, the pope, and the president of France all pleaded for clemency. Began reporting when austria was invaded. The Cold War wasn’t … Introduced by Secretary of State George G. Marshall in 1947, he proposed massive and systematic American economic aid to Europe to revitalize the European economies after WWII and help prevent the spread of Communism. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. appointed to inverstigate President Kennedy's assassination. In April 1961, a group of Cuban exiles organized and supported by the U.S. Central Intelligence Agency landed on the southern coast of Cuba in an effort to overthrow Fidel Castro. The world's first space satellite. (Goodnight and Good luck). Its demolition in 1989 symbolized the end of the Cold War. Test. History American private shortwave broadcasting before World War II. TIME magazine editor and former communist. Created by. It was founded in 1945 at the signing of the United Nations Charter by 50 countries, replacing the League of Nations, founded in 1919. term coined by Winston Churchill in 1946 to describe an imaginary line dividing Communist countries in the Soviet bloc from countries in Western Europe during the Cold War. The USSR consolidated its control over the states of the Eastern Bloc, while the United States began a strategy of global containment to challenge Soviet power, extending military and financial aid to the countries of Western Europe. This was in response to the NATO, Central Intelligence Agency - American spy agency, the wilingness to go to the brink of war to force an opponent to back down. Commander of U.S. (later Allied) forces in the southwestern Pacific during World War II, he accepted Japan's surrender in 1945 and administered the ensuing Allied occupation. Write. Winston Churchill's term for the Cold War division between the Soviet-dominated East and the U.S.-dominated West. The red scare and McCarthyism changed the face of politics in America. (1880-1964), U.S. general. The Cold War was a period of tension between the United States and Soviet Union. The ideological struggle between communism (Soviet Union) and capitalism (United States) for world influence. The Cold War had its roots in World War II, when the repeated delays in opening a second front in Europe made the Russians suspicious of the Western Allies' motives. Learn us history cold war with free interactive flashcards. A fortified wall surrounding West Berlin, Germany, built in 1961 to prevent East German citizens from traveling to the West. After the Napoleonic Wars, what conference was held to redraw the boundaries of Europe. Conflict that began with North Korea's invasion of South Korea and came to involve the United Nations (primarily the United States) allying with South Korea and the People's Republic of China allying with North Korea. The Soviets eventually did so, nuclear war was averted, and the crisisended. Before World War II, all American shortwave stations were in private hands. It looks like your browser needs an update. Start studying US History - Cold War & 1950s. 1946, Theory that stated that due to Stalin's opposition of the west, the Soviet Union must be contained to prevent the spread of communism. The Cold War was to last almost to the fall of the Iron Curtain and the death of the Soviet Union. To ensure the best experience, please update your browser. Those concerns were heightened when the United States discontinued lend‐lease aid to the Soviet Union soon after the war ended. Both countries had atomic and then thermonuclear weapons, and aircraft that could deliver these bombs to distant targets. “World War II created the model war in American minds—a war where we take the gloves off, we win and we come home. Was a director of talks in 1935 and then Director of European operations in 1938. In 1956 he was Eisenhower's Vice-President. Match. National Aeronautics and Space Administration...created to get the US to the moon, 1956 - Eisenhower's 20 yr plan to build 41,000 miles of highway including the Thruway, Failed invasion of Cuba planned by the US government. In order to push back the North Korean troops. In the years after World War II, an intense rivalry developed between the United States and the Soviet Union. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. A cohort of individuals born in the United States between 1946 and 1964, which was just after World War II in a time of relative peace and prosperity. satellite states : A political term for a country that is formally independent, but under heavy political and economic influence or control by another country. Official dividing line between North and South Korea. Start studying (8.1) The Cold War - AP US History. In October 1962, the United States and the Soviet Union came close to nuclear war when President Kennedy insisted that Nikita Khrushchev remove the 42 missiles he had secretly deployed in Cuba. After the Cold War When the Cold War ended in the late 1980s, many Americans did not realize the world's geopolitical landscape was shifting. On June 34, 1948 Soviet troops blockaded West Berlin, hoping it would force the Allies to reconsider their plan. This wall was both a deterrent to individuals trying to escape and a symbol of repression to the free world. He tried to catch Alger Hiss who was accused of being a Communist agent in the 1930's. Cold War: The period of hostility short of open war between the Soviet Bloc and the Western powers, especially the United States, 1945–91. The Soviet Union was secretly building nuclear missile launch sites in Cuba, which could have been used for a sneak-attack on the U.S. Truman ordered the development of it to outpace the Soviets. Which of the following did this period encompass? Also provided for loans for returning veterans to buy homes and start businesses. mmmmacha. set of programs proposed by President Johnson to eliminiate poverty and racial injustice. Winston Churchill's term for the Cold War division between the Soviet-dominated East and the U.S.-dominated West. Terms in this set (33) Cold War. McCarthyism became the contemporary name for the red scare of the 1950's. The Cold War was an ongoing political rivalry between the United States and the Soviet Union and their respective allies that developed after World War II.This hostility between the two superpowers was first given its name by George Orwell in an article published in 1945. Choose from 500 different sets of cold war us history flashcards on Quizlet. Confessed to spying for the Soviet Union during the 1930's. Provided for college or vocational training for returning WWII veterans as well as one year of unemployment compensation. When the invasion ended in disaster, President Kennedy took full responsibility for the failure. 1950s; Wisconsin senator claimed to have list of communists in American gov't, but no credible evidence; took advantage of fears of communism post WWII to become incredibly influential; "McCarthyism" was the fearful accusation of any dissenters of being communists. Group of 10 actors and producers who were blacklisted for being communists although most were innocent, US senator; claimed that their were Soviet spies and Communists within the government but had no evidence; discredited by the US senate. Was the eyes and ears of America and Europe during the early years of WW2. It looks like your browser needs an update. He was accused of being a Soviet spy in 1948 and convicted of perjury in connection with this charge in 1950. This doctrine was first asserted by President Truman in 1947. The United States had a long history of avoiding foreign alliances that might require the commitment of its troops abroad. The origins of the Cold War can be traced to the late 1910's when America experienced the Red Scare. ten witnesses from the film industry who refused to cooperate with the HUAC's investigation of Communist influence in Hollywood. Some American families purchased or built underground shelters to protect them in case of Soviet attack. Losing china was a series of arguments about which political group was responsible for China's change into a communist country during 1949. an investigative committee of the United States House of Representatives. Chapter 18 Cold War Conflicts A conflict between the US and USSR in which neither nation directly confronted the other on teh battlefield, but the tension between the two would dominate global affairs from 1945-1991 Truman Doctrine Chapter 18 - Cold War Conflicts Flashcards | Quizlet Start studying Chapter 18: Cold War Conflicts. The Cold War had an enormous impact on the United States politically, socially, and economically. A river drawing the border between North Korea and China, which Chinese troops crossed when MacArthur attempted to push the Northerns across it and decisively end the war. Treaty signed in 1945 that formed an alliance of the Eastern European countries behind the Iron Curtain; USSR, Albania, Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, East Germany, Hungary, Poland, and Romania. What caused the Cold War? Suspicion and apprehension of the Soviet Union remained constant throughout the twenties and thirties intensifying with Josef Stalin's brutal regime. These conditions allowed for better education and job opportunities, encouraging high rates of both marriage and fertility. He was in charge of UN forces in Korea 1950-51, before being forced to relinquish command by President Truman. An international organization whose stated aims are to facilitate co-operation in international law, international security, economic development, social progress and human rights issues. The Soviet Union had suffered terribly during World War II and was hungry to recover. One thousand more times more powerful than the atomic bomb. 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